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### Courses

**Undergraduate Course
Descriptions**

**PHYS-001, 002. General
Physics. 5 crs. ea.**

These lecture-laboratory-recitation courses deal with mechanics, heat,
and sound in PHYS-001; and light, electricity and magnetism, and modern
physics in PHYS-002; and are algebra-based.

**PHYS-003. Mathematical
Methods for General Physics. 3 crs.**

Review and applications of basic mathematics encountered in General
Physics 001, 002, 007 and 009. Problems and practical work will be
stressed. Not open for credit for students taking General Physics 013,
014, and 015.

**PHYS-007. Physics for
Allied Health Students. 5 crs.**

This lecture/laboratory/recitation course treats the topics of general
physics, with emphasis on examples for nursing and allied health
students.

**PHYS-008. Physics for
Architecture Students. 5 crs.**

Lecture/recitation course treats mechanics, gravity, sound,
thermodynamics, fluids, electricity, magnetism, light, optics, waves,
and some modern physics topics with emphasis on topics of interest to
architecture students.

**PHYS-009. General Physics
for Human Ecology Students. 5 crs.**

Lecture/laboratory/recitation course treats general physics topics with
emphasis on examples for human ecology students.

**PHYS-010. General Astronomy
3 crs.**

**PHYS-013, 014. General
Physics for Science and Engineering Students. 3 crs. ea.**

Topics covered in this lecture/recitation course are the same as in
PHYS-001 and PHYS-002 with the exception of modern physics, but with
more emphasis on engineering and analytical methods and with extensive
application of calculus in problem solving. Prereqs.: MATH-156 and -157.

**PHYS-015. Introduction to
Modern Physics. 3 crs.**

Topics covered in this lecture/recitation course include special relativity, and an introduction to quantum phenomena with applications in molecular, atomic, nuclear, sub-nuclear and condensed matter physics. Prereqs.: PHYS-014 and MATH-156 and -157.

**PHYS-023, 024, 025. General
Physics for Science and Engineering Students Lab. 1 cr. ea.**

Laboratory courses to accompany introductory physics courses PHYS-013,
014 and Modern Physics PHYS-015 respectively.

**PHYS-030. Earth &
Space Science I. 3 cr.**

Topics include an introductory overview; size & distance scale
of
the Universe; review /introduction to basic physical principles and
remote sensing; origins of the Earth & solar system; the solid
Earth, its hydrosphere, cryosphere, and atmosphere; and the near-Earth
space environment. Laboratory exercises include optics, spectroscopy,
study of rocks & minerals, use of star charts & globes
and a
small reflecting telescope. Also, weather permitting, there may be
observing sessions using the Locke Hall Observatory telescope.
Prereqs.: High school algebra, trigonometry, and physics (introductory
college chemistry, physics & calculus recommended).

**PHYS-031. Earth &
Space Science II. 3 cr.**

Topics include the moon and the Earth-moon system; the sun; the solar
system (major planets & satellites, and minor members); the
stars;
the interstellar medium; and galaxies and the Universe. Laboratory
exercises include use of star charts & globes and a small
reflecting telescope. Also, weather permitting, there may be observing
sessions using the Locke Hall Observatory telescope. Prereqs.:
PHYS-030.

**PHYS-084, 085. Directed
Readings in Honors for Sophomores. 1 cr. ea.**

Course contents is specified for each offering.

**PHYS-088, 089. Directed
Readings in Honors for Juniors. 1 cr. ea.**

Course contents is specified for each offering.

**PHYS-092, 093. Senior
Departmental Honors. 3 crs. ea.**

Course contents is specified for each offering.

PHYS-130. Introduction to Laser Physics. 3 crs. ea.

Foundations of lasing action: optical coherence, atomic susceptibility, Einstein A/B coefficients, spontaneous / stimulated emission, broadening mechanisms, Gaussian beams, optical resonators, Q-switching, mode-locking, Maxwell's equations, field quantization, and accelerated charge radiation. Applications to a selected purview of contemporary laser systems, e.g.: gas / excimer, solid-state, ultrafast CPA / OPCPA and coherent free-electron emission. Baseline Pre/Co requisites: PHY-178/179, PHYS-190/191 or instructor consent. PHY-192/193 is recommended however all mathematical tools will be developed. Cross listed w/ PHY-224.

PHYS–131. Plasma
Physics 3 crs.

Topics
may include single particle motions, plasmas as fluids, waves in
plasma, diffusion and resistivity, equilibrium and stability, kinetic
theory, nonlinear effects.

Course prerequisite or corequisite: physics 178 or consent of
instructor

PHYS–132.
Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Physics 3 crs.

Topics
may include nuclear phenomenology, particle phenomenology, experimental
methods, quark dynamics, weak interactions and electroweak unification,
models and theories of nuclear physics, nuclear physics applications.

Course prerequisite or corequisite: Math 157, Phys 190

PHYS–140,
141. Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics I &
II. 3 crs ea.

Topics
include celestial mechanics, light and matter, special relativity,
binary systems, stellar spectra, interiors of stars, interstellar
medium, stellar evolution, stellar pulsation, massive stars, remnants
of stars, terrestrial planets, giant planets, minor bodies in the solar
system, galaxies, active galaxies, and cosmology. Prereq.
Phys. 015,
Math 157.

PHYS–143.
Observational Astronomy 3 crs.

Topics
may include data sources, statistics and probability, data modeling,
properties of CCD's, photometry and telescopes, spectroscopy, infrared
astronomy, high energy astronomy, radio astronomy, and adaptive
optics. Coreq. Phys. 140 or instructor’s
approval.

PHYS-145.
Cosmology and Modern Astrophysics. 3crs.

Topics
may include special relativity, relativistic mechanics, curved
spacetime, geodesics, geometry of a spherical star, black holes,
gravitational waves, cosmological models, observational parameters and
the cosmological constant, dark matter, cosmic microwave background,
the early universe, nucleosynthesis, and the inflationary
universe. Coreq. Phys. 141 or instructors approval.

**PHYS-154, 155. **Computational Physics I & II. **3
crs. ea.**

Presents the basic concepts applicable to computers in general and
coding of actual problems. Prereqs.: MATH-007 and consent of
instructor.

**PHYS-174. Introduction to
Biophysics. 3 crs.**

Topics considered include the levels of organization within biological
systems, flow of energy in living things with an introduction to the
thermodynamic systems utilized in biological research; and an
introduction to the physical techniques used in the study of biological
systems. Prereq.: PHYS-002.

**PHYS-175. Thermodynamics. 3
crs.**

Introduces the laws of thermodynamics and applications, along with
kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. Prereqs. PHYS-002 or PHYS-014
and MATH-157 and -159.

**PHYS-176. Optics. 3 crs.**

Explores refraction, optical instruments, interference, diffraction,
and polarization. Prereqs.: PHYS-002 or PHYS-014 and MATH-157 and -159.

**PHYS-178, 179. Electricity
and Magnetism. 3 crs. ea.**

One year intermediate level course which covers electrostatics,
magnetostatics, electric circuits, Maxwell's equations and
electromagnetic waves. Prereqs.: PHYS-002 or PHYS-014, and MATH-156,
-157 and -159.

**PHYS-180, 181. Electronic
Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

This lecture/laboratory course provides a solid background in analog
and digital electronics and instrumentation. The first semester
involves mostly analog electronics and the second semester mostly
digital electronics. Prereqs.: PHYS-002 or PHYS-014, and MATH-156 and
-157.

**PHYS-182, 183. Physical
Mechanics. 3 crs. ea.**

This one year course examines particle and rigid body dynamics, central
forces, vector analysis, oscillatory motion, and Lagrangian mechanics.
Prereqs.: PHYS-001 or PHYS-013, and MATH-156, -157 and -159.

**PHYS-190, 191. Quantum
Physics I & II. 3 crs. ea.**

Introduction to quantum physics and relativity. Includes discussion of
Schrodinger equation and its application to atomic and molecular
spectra, a brief introduction to lasers, solid state, nuclear physics,
elementary particles. Prereqs.: PHYS-183 and MATH-156, -157 and -159.

**PHYS-192, 193. Introduction
to Mathematical Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

Treats vectors and tensors, linear transformations, complex variables,
calculus of residues, partial differential equations of physics,
Green's functions, Strum-Liouville theory, orthogonal functions, and
Fourier transform methods. Prereq.: consent of instructor.

**PHYS-194, 195. Experimental
Physics I & II. 3 cr. ea.**

Research training including data reduction and error analysis for
physicists. Topics include instrumental and statistical uncertainties,
propagation of error, probability distributions, method of least
squares, curve fitting, and experimental design. Selected experiments
in mechanics, heat, optics, electricity and magnetism, atomic and
nuclear physics, and electronics, and computer programming. Technical
writing skills for the production of scientific publications and
reports are emphasized. The course PHYS-194 is the same as PHYS-702
Experimental Physics WRTG. Prereq.: PHYS-013/014.

**PHYS-196. Senior Thesis.
(1) cr.**

Research problems for senior physics majors. Prereq.: PHYS-194 and
senior status in physics.

**Graduate Physics Course
Descriptions**

**PHYS-200/201. Modern
Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

Introduction to quantum physics and relativity. Includes discussion of
Schrodinger equation and its application to atomic and molecular
spectra, a brief introduction to lasers, solid state, nuclear physics,
elementary particles. This course covers the same materials as
PHYS-190, 191, however, additional assignments are given to graduate
students.

**PHYS-202. Optics. 3 crs.**

Same as PHYS-176.

**PHYS-203. Thermodynamics. 3
crs.**

Same as PHYS-175.

**PHYS-204/205. Electricity
and Magnetism. 3 crs.**

Same as PHYS -178, 179.

**PHYS-208/209. Physical
Mechanics. 3 crs. ea.**

Same as PHYS-182, 183.

**PHYS-210/211. Classical
Mechanics. 3 crs. ea.**

Study of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics, variational methods,
central force problems, rigid body motion, small oscillations and
canonical transformations.

**PHYS-214/215.
Electromagnetic Theory. 3 cr. ea.**

Electrostatics, magnetostatics, Maxwell equations, electromagnetic
waves, waveguides, radiation scattering and diffraction, special theory
of relativity, radiation by moving charges. Prereq.: PHYS-178, 179 or
PHYS-204/205.

**PHYS-216/217. Mathematical
Methods in Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

A study of vectors, matrices, tensors, linear transformations, complex
variables, Fourier series, orthogonal functions, partial differential
equations of physics, Fourier and Laplace transforms.

**PHYS-218/219. Advanced
Laboratory. 3 crs. ea.**

Experimental projects in spectroscopy, electronics, nuclear physics,
low temperature and Solid State Physics.

**PHYS-220/221. Quantum
Mechanics. 3 crs. ea.**

A study of wave and matrix mechanics, angular momentum, perturbation
theory, scattering theory, and applications.

**PHYS-222/223. Statistical
Mechanics. 3 crs. ea.**

Ensemble theory, classical and quantum statistics, dense gases and
liquids, magnetism, applications in solid state physics, superfluids,
superconductivity, kinetic theories, special topics.

**PHYS-224. Introduction to Laser Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

Foundations of lasing action: optical coherence, atomic susceptibility, Einstein A/B coefficients, spontaneous / stimulated emission, broadening mechanisms, Gaussian beams, optical resonators, Q-switching, mode-locking, Maxwell's equations, field quantization, and accelerated charge radiation. Applications to a selected purview of contemporary laser systems, e.g.: gas / excimer, solid-state, ultrafast CPA / OPCPA and coherent free-electron emission. Baseline Pre/Co requisites: PHY-178/179, PHYS-190/191 or instructor consent. PHY-192/193 is recommended however all mathematical tools will be developed. Cross listed w/ PHY-130.

**PHYS-226/227. Solid State
Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

Crystal lattice, X-ray diffraction, electron in periodic potential,
Bloch theorem, band structure, semiconductors, phonons, optical
properties, amorphous structures, superconductivity, special topics.

**PHYS-230. Current Issues in
Physics Education. 3 crs.**

This course examines issues in teaching physics at the introductory
level to a diverse student population. Topics include laboratory
experiences, test taking skills, and reading comprehension, as well as
physics content.

**PHYS-232/233. Advanced
Geophysical Fluid Dynamics. 3 crs. ea.**

This course provides an advanced treatment of fluid-flow phenomena in
the atmosphere and will cover nonlinear wave theory and its use in the
development and interpretation of the atmosphere. Hydrodynamics
instabillity mechanism, which are in present in atmospheric flow and
turbulence, will also be covered.

**PHYS-234. Introduction to
Atmospheric Science. 3 crs.**

Introductory course designed to provide a comprehensive background in
weather, climate, and atmospheric optics. Lectures will stress the
understanding and application of basic principles of physics and
chemistry for semi-quantitative description of the Earth's atmosphere.

**PHYS-236/237. Electronic
Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

An examination of analog and digital electronics and instrumentation.
Consists of two one-hour lectures and a two-hour laboratory.

**PHYS-238/239. Theoretical
Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

Special topics of current interest in mathematical physics and in
quantum and statistical physics.

**Physics 245 - Elementary
Particle Physics. (1) cr. **

**Topics
may include decay rates and cross sections, dirac equation, particle
exchange, electron-positron annihilation, electron proton scattering,
DIS, symmetries and the quark model, QCD and color, V-A and the weak
interaction, leptonic weak interactions, neutrinos and neutrino
oscillations, CKM and CP violation, electroweak unification and the W
and Z, tests of the standard model, the Higgs boson.**

**PHYS-250/251. Atmospheric
Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

Atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatics, cloud and radiative processes
and chemical cycles. Cloud physics and formation, energy balance, and
the impact on global climate. Elementary dynamics with applications to
the earth and planetary atmospheres.

**PHYS-252. Remote Sensing of
the Atmosphere. 3 crs.**

Elements of radiative transfer as applied to the upper and lower
atmospheres and ocean surface. Both passive and active remote sensing
methods are discussed. Satellite technology and applications to the
understanding of the Earth and extraterrestrial atmospheres will be
discussed.

**PHYS-253. Atmospheric
Radiation. 3 crs.**

Application of radiative transfer theory to problems in planetary
atmospheres, with primary emphasis on the earthÌs atmosphere;
principles of atomic and molecular spectroscopy; infrared band
representation; absorption and emissions of atmospheric gases;
radiation flux and flux divergence computations; radiative transfer and
fluid motions; additional application such as greenhouse effect,
inversion methods and climate models.

**PHYS-254. Current Topics in
Atmospheric Physics. 1 cr.**

Atmospheric Thermodynamics, hydrostatics, cloud and radiative
processes, and chemical cycles. Cloud physics and formation, energy
balance, and the impact on global climate. Elementary dynamics with
applications to the Earth and planetary atmospheres.

**PHYS-266/267. Advanced
Mathematical Methods in Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

A selection of group theory, calculus of variations, integral
equations, differential geometry, homotopy, homology, cohomology,
K-theory and other topics with applications to physics.

Physics 268 - Nuclear Physics - (1) cr.

Topics may include nucleon structure, nuclear force and two nucleon systems, properties of nuclei, models of nuclear structure, nuclear excitations, nuclear decay and radioactivity, nuclei under extreme conditions, and nuclear astrophysics.

**PHYS-276/277. Advanced
Topics in Quantum Mechanics. 3 crs. ea.**

Quantum radiation theory, relativistic quantum theory, and covariant
perturbation theory.

**PHYS-278/279. General
Seminar. 3 crs. ea.**

Lectures on current topics of interest in physics.

**PHYS-280/281. General
Seminar. 2 crs. ea.**

Lectures on current topics of interest in physics.

**PHYS-282/283. General
Seminar. 1 crs. ea.**

Lectures on current topics of interest in physics.

**PHYS-284/285. Special
Topics in Astrophysics. 3 crs. ea.**

Current topics of interest in astrophysics.

**PHYS-286/287. Special
Topics in Laser Spectroscopy. 3 crs. ea.**

Current research problems of interest in astrophysics.

**PHYS-290/291. Special
Topics in Statistical Mechanics. 3 crs. ea.**

Special topics of current interest in statistical mechanics.

**PHYS-292/293. Special
Topics in Solid-State Physics. 3 crs. ea.**

Special topics of current interest in Solid-State Physics.

**PHYS-298/299. Graduate
Research. 1-6 crs.**

Supervised research for students without approved thesis or
dissertation topics.

**PHYS-300/301. M. S. Thesis
Research. 1-6 crs.**

Independent research for the M.S. degree.

Physics 310 - Quantum Field Theory - (1) cr.

Topics may include relativistic quantum mechanics, scattering theory, the cluster decomposition principle, quantum fields and particles, Feynman rules, canonical formalism, electrodynamics, path-integrals, non-perturbative methods, one-loop radiative corrections, infrared effects, bound states, gauge theories, operator product expansions, broken symmetries, and anomalies.

**PHYS-400. Ph.D.
Dissertation Research. 1-12 crs.**

Consists of independent research for the Ph.D. degree